- (d. 1494)Bishop John Russell of Lincoln was an important clerical servant of EDWARD IV and chancellor of England under RICHARD III. Born in Winchester, Russell was educated at Oxford, where he taught until about 1462. In the mid-1460s, he entered the service of Edward IV, who employed Russell on various diplomatic missions, including the negotiations surrounding the marriage of the king’s sister, MARGARET OF YORK, to Duke CHARLES of BURGUNDY in 1468. In February 1471, Russell also acted as a diplomat for the READEPTION government of HENRY VI, but he was readily taken back into Yorkist service after Edward IV’s restoration in April. In 1472, Edward again sent Russell to Burgundy, and in 1474, the king appointed him keeper of the privy seal and dispatched him to SCOTLAND to negotiate a marriage between Edward’s daughter Cecily and the son of JAMES III. Russell became bishop of Rochester in 1476 and bishop of Lincoln in 1480. One of the executors of Edward IV’s will, Russell helped officiate at the king’s funeral in April 1483.On 10 May 1483, Richard, duke of Gloucester, having assumed the protectorship of his nephew EDWARD V, dismissed Archbishop Thomas ROTHERHAM of York from the chancellorship, replacing him with Russell. According to some sources, the bishop, who was experienced and learned and a natural choice for the post, accepted office with reluctance. Although Russell served Gloucester loyally when he became king as Richard III, there seems to have been no close bond between Richard and his chancellor, who may have felt betrayed when Richard took his nephew’s crown in June 1483 (see Usurpation of 1483). In any event, as chancellor, Russell handled negotiations with both Scotland and BRITTANY, and he may have assisted Archbishop Thomas BOURCHIER in persuading Queen Elizabeth WOODVILLE to release her younger son, Richard PLANTAGENET, duke of York, into Gloucester’s custody.Having perhaps grown uncertain of his chancellor’s loyalty, Richard dismissed Russell from office on 29 July 1485, less than a month before the Battle of BOSWORTH FIELD. After Richard’s death, Russell was taken readily into favor by HENRY VII, who, like his Yorkist predecessors, employed the bishop as a diplomat. After spending his last years mainly in his diocese, Russell died in December 1494. Because Russell closely fit the author profile that emerges from the work itself—an educated cleric who was familiar with the workings of Richard’s government and who was an eyewitness to at least some of the events being described—some modern historians identified Russell as the author of the CROYLAND CHRONICLE, a useful source for the last decade of Edward IV and for the reign of Richard III. However, most scholars today dismiss that claim, arguing that the Chronicle is much different in style from any of Russell’s known writings.Further Reading: Ross, Charles, Richard III (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1981).
Encyclopedia of the Wars of the Roses. John A.Wagner. 2001.
Look at other dictionaries:
Russell,John — Russell, John. First Earl Russell. 1792 1878. British politician who served as prime minister (1846 1852 and 1865 1866) and advocated parliamentary reform. * * * … Universalium
Russell, John — British amateur journalist living in Florida and infrequent associate of HPL. When HPL wrote a letter to the Argosycriticizing romance writer Fred Jackson (published in the September 1913 issue), Russell was one of many to protest but his… … An H.P.Lovecraft encyclopedia
Russell, John — ▪ English artist, astronomer, and scholar born March 29, 1745, Guildford, Surrey, Eng. died April 20, 1806, Hull, Yorkshire pastel artist, amateur astronomer, and literary scholar, whose brilliantly coloured chalk portraits were highly… … Universalium
Russell, John — ► (1792 1878) Político y escritor británico. Fue jefe del Partido Liberal y defensor del sufragio universal y de la emancipación de los católicos … Enciclopedia Universal
Russell (de Kingston Russell), John Russell, 1er conde — (18 ago. 1792, Londres, Inglaterra–28 may. 1878, Pembroke Lodge, Richmond Park, Surrey). Político y primer ministro británico (1846–52, 1865–66). Miembro de la prominente familia Russell, ingresó al parlamento en 1813. Fue un fuerte defensor de… … Enciclopedia Universal
Russell, John Russell, 1st Earl, Viscount Amberley Of Amberley And Of Ardsalla — ▪ prime minister of United Kingdom also called (until 1861) Lord John Russell born Aug. 18, 1792, London, Eng. died May 28, 1878, Pembroke Lodge, Richmond Park, Surrey prime minister of Great Britain (1846–52, 1865–66), an aristocratic liberal… … Universalium
Russell, John Scott — SUBJECT AREA: Ports and shipping [br] b. 9 May 1808 Parkhead, near Glasgow, Scotland d. 8 June 1882 Isle of Wight, England [br] Scottish engineer, naval architect and academic. [br] A son of the manse, Russell was originally destined for the… … Biographical history of technology
RUSSELL, John (1858-1931) — painter was the son of John Russell, ironfounder, and a nephew of Sir Peter Nicol Russell (q.v.). He was born at Darlinghurst, Sydney, in 1858, and after his father s death went to Paris about 1880 to study painting. He was a man of means and… … Dictionary of Australian Biography
Russell (of Kingston Russell), John Russell, 1st Earl — born Aug. 18, 1792, London, Eng. died May 28, 1878, Pembroke Lodge, Richmond Park, Surrey British politician and prime minister (1846–52, 1865–66). A member of the prominent Russell family, he entered Parliament in 1813. He was a strong advocate… … Universalium
RUSSELL, JOHN, EARL — known best as LORD JOHN RUSSELL statesman, youngest son of the Earl of Bedford; travelled in Spain, studied at Edinburgh, entered Parliament in 1813, took up vigorously the cause of parliamentary reform and Catholic Emancipation, joined… … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia